Turbulence is the last great unsolved problem of classical physics.
This seemingly random, unpredictable motion of fluids is pervasive and
completely familiar to us all. Turbulence governs the speed at which rivers
flow and the air drag as you drive your car; it is the bane of air travelers.
Turbulence can kill, by causing arteries and aneurisms to burst. Turbulence
makes stars twinkle. Its random but structured patterns have inspired artists
and scientists alike. And yet, despite a century of scientific investigation,
our understanding is primarily based upon a mere handful of early seminal
insights. In this talk, I'll try to explain why this problem is so difficult --
much harder than chaos -- and what it would mean to solve it. Finally, I'll
discuss recent dramatic advances in both experiment and theory that
account for the way in which fluids start to become turbulent as their flow
speed is increased, making precise mathematical contact with transitional
behavior in other fields such as ecology and even neuroscience.
Nigel Goldenfeld holds a Swanlund Endowed Chair and is a Center
for Advanced Study Professor in Physics at the University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), and a member of its Institute for Condensed
Matter Theory. He is the Director of the NASA Astrobiology Institute for
Universal Biology at UIUC, and leads the Biocomplexity Group at UIUC.s
Institute for Genomic Biology. Nigel received his Ph.D. from the University
of Cambridge in 1982 where he studied with Sir Sam Edwards. During the
years 1982-1985, he was a postdoctoral fellow in (what was then called) the
ITP at UCSB. Among his many awards, Prof. Goldenfeld is a Fellow of the
American Physical Society, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and
Sciences and a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences. His
research interests are extraordinarily broad, addressing pattern formation in
physics and biology, high temperature superconductivity and phase
transitions in condensed-matter physics, the enigma of turbulence, the
evolution of the genetic code, and the quantitative study of financial markets.
One of the great biologists of the 20th century, Carl Woese, has said of his
collaboration with Goldenfeld that it was "the most productive of my
Introduction by Lars Bildsten
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