Feb 14, 2001
Phase Oscillators and Traveling Electrical Waves in Cortex
Dr. David Kleinfeld, UCSD
The theory of coupled phase oscillators provides a framework to understand
the emergent properties of networks of neuronal oscillators. When the
architecture of the network is dominated by short-range connections, the
pattern of electrical output is predicted to correspond to traveling plane
and rotating waves of electrical activity, in addition to synchronized
output. We argue that this theory provides the foundation for understanding
the traveling electrical waves that are observed across olfactory, visual,
and visuomotor areas of the brain in a variety of species. The waves are
typically present during periods outside of stimulation, while synchronous
activity typically dominates in the presence of a strong stimulus. We
suggest that the continuum of phase-shifts during epochs with traveling
waves provide a means to scan the incoming sensory stream for novel
features. Experiments to test the validity of the phase oscillator approach,
as well as computational aspects of wave motion, are presented.
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